State officials say fewer than one in three Ohioans have obtained the beefed-up identification, which requires extra documents including at least two showing proof of residency.
The government will no longer recognize standard driver's licenses and state ID cards for boarding a plane beginning on Oct. 1, 2020. Travelers will need the updated card or other compliant ID such as a passport or military ID.
Non-compliant licenses and IDs can still be used for driving and voting.
Congress approved the new cards in 2005 following the Sept. 11 attacks as a way of preventing identity theft and fraud.
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